(28) Saivas make a point of stressing that Siva, unlike Vishnu, has never been born on earth. He manifests, rather than incarnates, whenever the need arises.
(29) Another name of Arunachala, meaning Lord
(30) It is a traditional belief in India that one's destiny in this life is written on the forehead by Brahma. Those who chant the five holy letters,
'Nama Sivaya', and reach the feet of Siva free themselves from their destiny.
(31) The elephant Gajasura was a demon who could not control his sensory indulgences. Siva pierced him with his trident. As he was dying, Gajasura asked Siva for a boon, and Siva agreed. The boon was that Siva should wear Gajasura's flayed hide as an ornament.
Butler learned classical Tamil during a stay at Ramanasramam in the
1980s. He is currently working on translations of Kuruntogai verses,
Tamil love poetry written about 2,000 years ago. Samples of his work
can be found at: http://homepage.